Live, Learn, and Dream

A place to hold things that inspire, amaze, inform, and/or educate

World’s Worst Polluted Cities

While American public still worries about lead-tainted toys and unsafe items that are made in China, an US-based independent environmental group, the Blacksmith Institute, publishes its second annual reviews of the most polluted places in the world – a list of the world’s worst polluted places. The World Bank estimates that about 20% of the negative health impacts in developing countries can be traced to environmental factors, especially pollution. It is much worse picture described by the report, "Living in a town with serious pollution is like living under a death sentence. If the damage does not come from immediate poisoning, then cancers, lung infections and mental retardation are likely outcomes." Among the "dirty thirty", there is the Top Ten listed alphabetically by country:

Location & Country

Major Pollutants and Sources

Size of Affected Pop

Sumgayit,
Azerbaijan

Organic chemicals, oil, heavy metals including mercury, from petrochemical and industrial complexes

~275,000

Linfe,
China

Fly-ash, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, PM2.5, PM10, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds, arsenic, lead from industry and traffic

~3 Millions

Tianying,
China

Lead and other heavy metals and particulates from mining and processing industry

~140,000

Sukinda,
India

Hexavalent chromium and other metals from chromite mines and processing

~2.6 Millions

Vapi,
India

Wide Variety of industry effluents – chemicals and heavy metals; industrial estates

~71,000

La Orogya,
Peru

Lead, copper, zinc, sulfur dioxide from heavy metal mining and metal processing

~35,000

Dzerzhinsk,
Russia

Chemicals and toxic byproducts – Sarin, VX gas, lead, phenols, …,etc. of Cold War-era chemical weapons and industrial manufacturing

~30,000

Norilsk,
Russia

Particulates, sulfur dioxide, heavy metals (nickel, copper, cobalt, lead, selenium), phenols, hydrogen sulfide from major nickel and related metals mining and smelting

~134,000

Chernobyl,
Ukraine

Radioactive dust including uranium, plutonium, cesium-137, strontium and other metals from the meltdown of reactor core in 1986

Unknown

Kabwe,
Zambia

Lead, cadmium from lead mining and processing

~255,000

On the "dirty thirty" list, 6 cities are located in China; 6 in Russia; and 4 in India. That means almost 50% of dirtiest places are in these three countries. Of course, given the size and the population of these three countries, we probably wouldn’t be surprised.

News Source(pdf): the Blacksmith Institute
Image Source: the Blacksmith Institute

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: